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History Of American Law


The first law against drinking and driving under the influence was first passed in New York in 1910. After that it did not take long before the law was adopted by all states in the United States. The law however faced a few challenges as it did not state clearly the blood alcohol content that was not allowed for one to drive under. It still did not state the tests that a person suspected or accused of driving when drunk should undertake. The largely depended on the police to w had a big loophole as it only stated that a person should drive when drunk but did not state the punishment that a person who violates that law should get. The police just arrested and then left it upon the judges to enforce the law by punishing offenders in a manner that they saw fit.

In 1938 the law was changed and it included clauses that talked about blood alcohol concentration above which a person was not allowed to drive or even operate machinery. A person with a BAC above 15% was not allowed to drive. This was set basing on studies connected by the American Medical Association and the National Safety Council. They both agreed that a person with BAC at or above 15% could not make the right judgment and thus cannot drive reasonably well. The law then remained that way until time when activists groups began campaigning for more strict laws for drunk driving. Before this time drunk driving was never seen as a serious offence and police never used to enforce it strictly.

Activist groups felt that many deaths could be prevented by been strict and enforcing the law on those who drove while intoxicated. Due to pressure many states changed the BAC from 1% to 10%. The federal government instructed all states to have the BAC at 8%. The drinking age was also raised to 21. People now became more concerned and less tolerant of the drunk drivers. Sobriety check points became acceptable unlike before when they were considered as unfair and unconstitutional. For drivers under the age of 21 had their BAC set at 1%. This was because they were not even supposed to be drinking. It was however important because some states allowed minors to drink if they are I the presence of a legal guardian. The law has since then grown and is enforced with a sense of seriousness.